Twelve years after the brutal “honor killing” of Berlin-based artist Hatun Sürücü, a criminal court in Istanbul on Tuesday released her two older brothers Mutlu and Alparslan, cleared of all charges despite their confessions. Hatun Sürücü died in 2005 when her youngest brother shot her to death in an honor killing. Hatun Sürücü, whose family was originally from Erzurum, Turkey, as murdered at the age of 23 in Berlin by her brothers in an honor killing.
The youngest brother in an immigrant family, Ayhan shot his sister Hatun three times in the head near a bus stop in Berlin in early 2005. “I’ll sleep with anyone I want,” Hatun allegedly said that evening, according to Ayhan (there were no other witnesses). For her father and brothers, her attitude was too Western — a dishonor to the family that required her death.nHatun, 23, didn’t know Ayhan was armed that night. But she did know she was in danger. She’d written a letter about her family troubles to the youth welfare office asking for help.
“She lived too openly when it came to her relationships to men,” Ayhan told Matthias Deiß and Jo Goll, two journalists for public broadcaster ARD, in their film “Verlorene Ehre: Der Irrweg der Familie Sürücü” (or “Lost Honor: The Folly of the Sürücü Family”). (Speigel Online)
When Hatun turned 15, her father pulled her out of a well-integrated high school in Berlin because she was too rebellious. He sent her to Turkey, where she was married to a cousin. She returned in 1999 — legally divorced, but pregnant with her son Can.
Sürücü divorced the cousin she was forced to marry at the age of 16, and was dating a German man. She had fled her parents’ home in Berlin, finding refuge in a home for underage mothers. She gave birth to a son, Can, in 1999. Escaping the terror a devout Muslim life, Hatun attended school and had moved into her own apartment in the Tempelhof neighborhood of Berlin. At the time of her murder, she was at the end of her training to become an electrician. She had a son who is 17 now and living under a different name with a foster family. The mother had let it be known before her death that she didn’t want her family to have her son. After the murder, the family fought for custody but lost.
In July 2005, the Berlin Public Prosecutor’s office charged Sürücü’s brothers with her murder. On September 14, 2005, Ayhan Sürücü, the youngest brother, confessed to murdering his sister.
In April 2006, Ayhan was sentenced to nine years and three months in prison, and his two older brothers were acquitted of charges of conspiring to murder their sister. The prosecution appealed on a point of law at the Federal Court of Justice, the Bundesgerichtshof, immediately and the 5th criminal division of the Federal Court of Justice overturned the conviction and allowed the revision. A new criminal proceeding was to take place in August 2008.
Melek A., the youngest brother’s girlfriend, testified at the first trial in Germany. After death threats from the other brothers, she went into hiding and did not testify at the trial in Turkey.
Pressemitteilung des Bundesgerichtshofs Nr. 117/07. August 28, 2007.
Berliner Zeitung. “Verurteilt wegen “Ehrenmord”: Mörder von Hatun Sürücü abgeschoben”. berliner-zeitung.de.
Acquittal in the Sürücü process “You have loaded the wrath of Allah upon you”
Frank Northhausen, Berliner Zeitung, May 30, 2017:
This verdict is likely to further weaken German-Turkish relations. Twelve years after the alleged “honor killings” on the Kurdish-born Berlin-based artist Hatun Sürücü, a criminal court in Istanbul on Tuesday released their two older brothers Mutlu and Alparslan in all charges. “There could have been” not sufficiently clear and credible, clear evidence found, “the reasoning stated.
The older of the two defendants was also released from the allegation of illegal arms possession. The judges did not follow the prosecutor’s request, which had called for 20 years’ imprisonment for the defendants, because they had planned the bloodtat together with their younger brother Ayhan “to restore the family.”
Hatun Sürücü was shot dead in 2005 in Neukölln
Hatun Sürücü was 23 years old, when her younger brother shot her in February 2005 with three head shots at a bus stop in Neukölln. Ayhan Sürücü took the sole fault and was sentenced to nine years and three months imprisonment in Berlin. As the Berlin court noted, the single-parenting young woman had to die because she used a western lifestyle that did not please her family.
The co-defendants’ brothers were initially released for lack of evidence, and withdrew, after the Federal Supreme Court had lifted the acquittals in 2007, further proceedings by their flight to Turkey. Today they are 36 and 38 years old.
The murderer Ayhan was deported to Turkey after serving the sentence in 2014. In Istanbul he moved to his brothers in the district of Ümraniye on the Asiatic side of the city and worked with them a köfte-snack. He repeatedly came across social media in the form of anti-feminist manifestations and, like his brothers, apparently moves in Islamic circles.
One year before, in 2013, the Turkish judiciary initiated criminal proceedings and finally sued the two older brothers for murder. In the trial, the accused rejected the murders. The Death Guard, as a witness, rejected his earlier statements and declared that he had not killed his sister because of her lifestyle. On the contrary, he spontaneously lost his composure in an argument. The wife of the younger defendant, siblings and a working colleague also claimed that they were modern and had nothing against a western lifestyle.
The girlfriend of the death guard could not be heard
An important role for the acquittal may have been the fact that the Istanbul court had not succeeded in hearing the then friend of the death guard as a witness, because their whereabouts could not be determined. On her statements, the conviction was based in Berlin in 2016. She had testified that Ayhan had told her about the murder after the act. The young woman was admitted to the German witness protection program.
The murder created in Germany an awareness of the problems of oppressed girls from conservative migrant families and finally led in 2011 to the adoption of a law to combat forced marriages. In Turkey, too, women’s associations had hoped that the brothers would be sentenced as a signal for the case-law of violence against women from “injured honor” and forced marriages.
It may be that the Turkish judiciary acted on the principle “in doubt for the defendants”. It may also be that their acquittal has to do with the deteriorated German-Turkish relations. The defendants clearly showed their attitude. While Alpaslan Sürücü did not appear at all to the verdict, his co-defendant brother Mutlu turned to the German press representatives present and said: “You have loaded the wrath of Allah upon you.”
– Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017 – Quelle: http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/26993570 ©2017
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